الگوی چند سطحی پیشامدها و پیامدهای تاب‌آوری شغلی در محیط کار

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

چکیده

هدف: هدف این پژوهش بررسی پیشامدها (خودکارآمدی، ثبات عاطفی و جامعه­پذیری سازمانی) و پیامدهای (موفقیت شغلی) تاب­آوری شغلی با یک رویکرد چند سطحی است.روش: روش تحقیق توصیفی-پیمایشی می­باشد. جامعه آماری این پژوهش 17000 نفر از کارکنان 20 شرکت از شرکت­های پتروشیمی مستقر در منطقه ویژه اقتصادی ماهشهر می باشد که با استفاده از فرمول کوکران تعداد 384 نفر از کارکنان جامعه آماری به روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند. در این پژوهش برای سنجش متغیرهای خودکارآمدی، ثبات عاطفی، تاب­آوری شغلی، جامعه­پذیری سازمانی و موفقیت شغلی به ترتیب از پرسشنامه­های چن، گولی و ادن (2001)، لی یان (2005)، لی یو (2003)، تائورمینا (2004) و گاتیکار و لاروود (1986) استفاده شده است.یافته­ها: نتایج حاصل از تجزیه و تحلیل داده­های پژوهش نشان داد که در سطح فردی خودکارآمدی و ثبات عاطفی تأثیر مثبت و معناداری بر تاب­آوری شغلی داشته و تاب­آوری شغلی ضمن اینکه نقش میانجی میان ثبات عاطفی و موفقیت شغلی و خودکارآمدی و موفقیت شغلی را ایفا می­کند، خود نیز تأثیر مثبت و معناداری بر موفقیت شغلی دارد. در سطح سازمانی نیز تأثیر زمینه­ای جامعه­پذیری سازمانی بر تاب­آوری شغلی تأیید شد. همچنین مشخص شد که جامعه­پذیری سازمانی میان خودکارآمدی و تاب­آوری شغلی و همچنین ثبات عاطفی و تاب­آوری شغلی نقش تعدیلی ایفا می­کند.نتیجه­گیری: این مطالعه نشان داد که ویژگی­های شخصیتی در کنار متغیر سازمانی جامعه­پذیری می­توانند باعث تقویت تاب­آوری افراد در شغل خود و در نتیجه بهبود موفقیت شغلی افراد شوند. این بدان معنی است که شرکت­های پتروشیمی باید از استراتژی­ها و برنامه­هایی برای کمک به کارکنان خود در ارتقاء تاب­آوری شغلی از طریق برنامه­های جامعه­پذیری سازمانی و عوامل شخصیتی، کمک بگیرند

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Multi-level model of Antecedents and consequences of career resilience in Workplace

نویسندگان [English]

  • farajallah rahimi 1
  • jeiran mohammadi 1
  • ehsan kiyani 2
1 shahid chamran university of ahvaz
2 shahid chamran university of ahvaz
چکیده [English]

Purpose: The purpose of the current paper is to examine Antecedents (self-efficacy, Emotional Stability and organizational socialization) and consequences it (career success) on career resilience
Methods: This is a descriptive-survey. The target population included 17000 employees of 20 petrochemical companies in Mahshahr special economic zone. In this study, Chen, Gully, and Eden (2001), Li Yan (2008), Taormina (2004), Liu (2003) and Gattikar & Larwood (1986) questionnaires were used to measure variables of Career resilience, Self – efficacy, Emotional Stability, Career success, Organizational Socialization.
Results: In the individual level, Self-efficacy and Emotional stability had a positive effect on career resilience and also career resilience had a positive effect on career success. In the organizational level, organizational socialization had a positive effect on career resilience which is at the individual level. The mediating role of organizational socialization between self-efficacy and career resilience and also between emotional stability and career resilience were confirmed. It was also found that organizational socialization plays a moderating role between self-efficacy and career resilience as well as emotional stability and career resilience.
Conclusion: The results of this study showed the importance of personality factors and organizational factors to enhance the resiliency of employees and subsequently their career success. It means petrochemical companies should have strategies and plans to help their employees enhance career resilience through organizational socialization plans and personality factors.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • : Career resilience
  • Career success
  • Emotional Stability
  • Organizational socialization
  • Self–efficacy
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