آرزوهای شغلی کودکان پیش‌دبستانی و دبستانی شهر اصفهان

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه اصفهان

2 دانشگاه الزهرا

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی آرزوهای شغلی کودکان پیش­دبستانی و دبستانی شهر اصفهان است. به این منظور 375 دانش­آموز شامل 128 دختر و 247 پسر، از نواحی 5 ‌گانه آموزش و پرورش اصفهان به­شیوة نمونه­گیری خوشه­ای مرحله­ای انتخاب شدند. روش جمع­آوری داده­ها مصاحبة نیمه سازمان­یافته بود. داده­ها به دو شیوه کدگذاری شده و با استفاده از روش مجذور خی تک­متغیری، مجذور خی دومتغیری، ضریب همبستگی فی و ضریب همبستگی کرامر در نرم­افزار spss مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند. نتایج نشان داد که دو عامل مهم کلیشه­ های جنسیتی و سطح منزلت شغلی از عوامل موجود در نظریة رشدی گاتفردسون، در دانش­آموزان پیش­دبستانی و دبستانی تعیین­کنندة آرزوهای شغلی آن­ها است. هم­چنین مشاغل جستجوگرانه جزء اولین آرزوهای دانش­آموزان است. شغل والدین به­خصوص مادران و آرزوهای آن­ها بر آرزوهای شغلی کودکان مؤثر است و دختران مشاغل زنانه و پسران مشاغل مردانه را آرزو می­کنند.

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