امید اشتغال در چشم­ انداز زمان

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه اصفهان

2 دانشجوی دکترای مشاوره شغلی دانشگاه اصفهان

3 دانشگاه علامه طبا طبایی

4 دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

 چکیدهبا هدف تعیین الگوی رابطه بین مدل پنج بعدی چشم انداز زمانی و امید اشتغال، نمونه‌ای در دسترس-تصادفی 514 نفری از دانش آموز اول متوسطه (240 پسر و 274 دختر)، انتخاب و پرسشنامه دموگرافیک، مقیاس امید اشتغال و سیاهه چشم انداز زمانی زیمباردو بین آنها اجرا شد. نتایج مدلیابی معادلات ساختاری نشان داد که پنج بعدچشم انداز زمانی 47 درصد (69/0=R)، حجم واریانس امید اشتغال را تبیین می‌کند. نتایج تحلیل کانونی نشان داد که در قالب یک متغیر کانونی با ضریب کانونی 65/0، الگوی نمرات پایین در آینده لذت گرا و گذشته مثبت و نمرات بالا در گذشته منفی و حال جبری، بهترین ترکیب را در همسویی با سطوح پایین سه بعد امید اشتغال ارایه می‌کند (با 42% توان تبیین واریانس). در مجموع، نتایج از سودمندی چشم انداز زمانی، و به ویژه، الگوی چشم انداز متعادل زمانی در کاربردهای رشد مسیر‌شغلی حمایت کرد. سایر یافته‌ها نیز مورد بحث قرار گرفت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Work Hope in Time perspective

چکیده [English]

Abstract
In order to examine the pattern of relationship between 5 dimensional model of time perspective and work hope, an in access-random sample of 514 junior high school students (240 boys, 274 girls) was selected and demographic questionnaire, work hope scale, and Zimbardo time perspective inventory were performed. Results of structural equation modeling showed that five dimensions of time perspective accounted 47% (R=0.69) of variance of work hope. Results of canonical correlation analysis showed that in frame of 1 canonical variant by a canonical correlation of 0.65, a pattern of low scores in future, present-hedonistic, and positive past, and high scores in negative past and present-fatalistic represented best combination in accordance to low levels in 3 dimensions of work hope (by 42% of variance). In sum, results supported from utility of time perspective particularly balanced time perspective in career development practices. Other findings were discussed.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Work hope
  • Time perspective
  • Balanced time perspective
  • Correlational studies
  • Career development of high school students
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