عنوان مقاله [English]
Aim: In recent years, the dissatisfaction of employers and business owners regarding the external efficiency of the higher education system and the increase in the unemployment rate of graduates indicate the divergence and incompatibility of university curricula with employment and the labor market. Therefore, the current research was conducted with the aim of identifying and prioritizing the factors of this incompatibility.
Methods: This research was conducted with a combined method included in 2 phases. In the first phase, while studying all the researches of recent years about higher education curricula and employment with qualitative methods of meta-composition and content analysis, incompatible factors have been identified and in the second phase, using the quantitative method of group hierarchical analysis, they have been prioritized.
Results: The findings of the research found incompatibility factors in three main categories including process factors (with the subcategories of needs assessment, design, implementation and evaluation), departmental factors (elements) (with the subcategories of professors and lecturers, teaching and learning strategies, goals, content and space, environment and facilities) and institutional factors (with sub-categories of decision-makers, curriculum planning committees and administrative mechanism) and introduced the sub-category "content" as the most important factor of incompatibility.
Conclusion: In order to create harmony between curricula and employment, the country's higher education system must review curricula with an employment-oriented approach and pay special attention to the identified factors.