عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of spiritual intelligence and resilienc training on the employees' counterproductive behaviors The research method was a pre-testpost-test with control group. The statistical population consisted of all employees of the manufacturing departments of employees of Ferro Guilan Complex Out of 255 people, 60 people who got the highest score in counterproductive behaviors were randomly divided into three groups (20 spiritual intelligence training, 20 resilienc training and 20 people control). The research instrument was the counterproductive behaviors questionnaire (Fox and Spector, 2002). The subjects of the three groups responded in two stages: pre-test and post-test. The experimental groups participated in interventional sessions based on spiritual intelligence and resilience training programs (8 sessions). To analyze the data, multivariate analysis of covariance analysis and bonferrin test were used to compare the difference between the pre-test and post-test scores of the experimental and control groups. The findings indicated that spiritual intelligence and resilience training programs had an effective effect on employees' counterproductive behaviors (p≤0.001). The results showed that the effect of the resilience curriculum on reducing the employees' counterproductive behaviors was higher than the spiritual intelligence training program (p≤0.001). According to the findings of this research, it is concluded that managers and industry owners use educational programs for spiritual intelligence and resilience in order to compete in the production market and increase organizational productivity.