عنوان مقاله [English]
Aim: Human resource management can create a better working life for employees to develop a happy organizational environment. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to discover and understand the mechanism of positive emotions in the workplace. In this regard, this study aimed to investigate the humor model of employees in the workplace in Parsian Gas Refining Company. Methods: This research was conducted for applied-developmental purposes using a qualitative approach and the theory of data basis. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 college experts and managers of Parsian Gas Refining Company to determine the components of the humor model in the workplace using a purposive sampling method, observing the saturation rule. In the quantitative part, a researcher-made questionnaire was used based on the qualitative aspect of the research to evaluate the suitability of the developed conceptual model. The validity of the questionnaire was calculated using the content validity ratio, and its reliability was evaluated by comparing the reliability of the two coders. Results: The analysis of the interviews led to the extraction of 51 concepts, which were classified into six categories: causal factors, central phenomena, contextual factors, intervening factors, strategies, and consequences. Conclusions: Mental and physical rest of workers is essential in today's work environment. One of the most effective means to achieve this goal and create a pleasant work environment is humor in the workplace. The results of this study could help managers identify strategies to promote or prevent the occurrence of such behaviors.