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انگیزه شغلی معلم، شادکامی معلم و جو سازمانی: کاربرد مدل یابی دو سطحی معلم و مدرسه
سوگند قاسم زاده, زهرا نقش, لیلا افضلی

چکیده

هدف:انگیزش شغلی، توانایی معلم را بالا می برد و نتیجه آن بهبود عملکرد دانش آموزان در سازمانی در قالب مدرسه خواهد بود. هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین رابطه بین شادکامی و جو سازمانی با انگیزش شغلی معلمان می­باشد.

روش:پژوهش حاضر به لحاظ هدف، کاربردی و از نظر روش، توصیفی از نوع همبستگی است. نمونه‌‌ پژوهش شامل 200 معلم (146 معلم زن و 54 معلم مرد) است که به روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای طبقه‌ای انتخاب شدند و سپس معلم­ها به مقیاس­های انگیزه شغلی معلم و شادکامی معلم پاسخ دادند. حجم نمونه در سطح دوم یا سطح مدرسه 20 می باشد به این ترتیب که پاسخ معلم­ها به مقیاس جو سازمانی برای هر مدرسه تجمیع و متغیر سطح مدرسه ساخته شد. برای بررسی داده­ها یک تحلیل غیر شرطی HLM(مدل آنوا یک راهه با اثرات تصادفی) اجرا شده است.

یافته­هایافته­ها نشان داد  که انگیزه شغلی معلم در بین مدارس مختلف معنی­دار بوده، و 62 درصد از تغییرات انگیزه شغلی معلم ناشی از تفاوت بین مدارس بوده و 38 درصد برای عوامل سطح معلمان تبیین شده است. بدین معنی که فضای مدرسه و جو سازمانی حاکم بر مدارس مختلف بر میزان انگیزه معلمان تاثیرگذار می­باشد.

نتیجه­گیری:اگر عواملی که منجر به جو سازمانی مطلوب و شادکامی معلمان  می­شوند، در مدرسه فراهم شوند، می­توان انگیزه معلمان را افزایش داده و عملکرد آنها را در فرایند یاددهی- یادگیری بهبود بخشید.

 

واژگان کلیدی
انگیزه شغلی، شادکامی، جو سازمانی

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