MBTI II نوجوانان: سنجه‌ای برای سنجش شخصیت دانش آموزان متوسطه بر مبنای نسل دوم سنخ نمای مایرزبریگز

غلامرضا قاسمی, محمدرضا عابدی

چکیده


نسل دوم سنخ­نمای­مایرزبریگز می تواند گزینه‌ای کارامد در سنجش مسیر تحصیلی-شغلی دانش آموزان متوسطه ایران را ارایه کند. اما رسیدن به چنین مقصودی نیازمند ابزاری مناسب است.  هدف این پژوهش طراحی و توسعه ابزاری برای سنجش شخصیت دانش اموزان دبیرستانی بر مبنای نسل دوم مدل MBTI بود. به این منظور ابزاری طراحی و در دو مرحله ویژگی‌های روانسنجی آن بررسی شد. در مرحله اول، با انتخاب دردسترس-تصادفی نمونه­ای 507 نفری از دانش آموزان متوسطه شهر اصفهان (259 دختر و 248 پسر)  از میان 240 سوال با محاسبات اکتشافی تحلیل مولفه‌های اصلی و محاسبه همسانی درونی (آلفا کرونباخ)، 156 سوال در قالب 20 زیرمقیاس برای این ابزار ارایه شد. سپس محاسبه داده­های نمونه‌ای چند استانی تصادفی-دردسترس از 956 دانش آموز (493 دختر و 463 پسر)، با آلفای­کرونباخ، تحلیل مولفه‌های اصلی، و همبستگی پیرسون پایایی (70/0<r)، روایی سازه (کفایت ساختار عاملی) و روایی ملاکی پیش بین (در پیش بینی نمرات تیپ رغبت و خودکارامدی) مناسبی را برای این ابزار نشان داد. به منظور ارایه هنجاری مناسب برای این ابزار، آماره‌های توصیفی آن  به تفکیک جنسیت و رشته‌های تحصیلی محاسبه شد. سایر نتایج مورد بحث قرار گرفت.


واژگان کلیدی


"نسل دوم شاخص تیپ نمای مایرز بریگز"-"سنجش مسیر تحصیلی-شغلی دانش آموزان متوسطه"-"طراحی و توسعه ابزار"-"سنجش شخصیت-"ویژگی های روانسنجی"

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